The Renault 5 Turbo or R5 Turbo is a high-performance hatchback automobile that was produced by the French manufacturer Renault in the early 1980s. The car was designed for rallying, but was also sold in road-going guise
All the racing derivatives were based on the Turbo 1. The factory pushed the engine output up to 180 hp (134 kW) for the Cévennes, 210 hp (157 kW) for the Tour de Corse, and possibly as much as 350 hp (261 kW) in the Maxi 5 Turbo. These kits featured stronger engine internals and more efficient intercoolers.
Driven by Jean Ragnotti the R5 Turbo won the Monte Carlo Rally on its first outing in the World Rally Championship. The 2WD R5 turbo soon faced the competition of new four-wheel drive cars that proved faster on dirt. However, it remained among the fastest of its era on tarmac where it was highly successful.
In 2004, Sports Car International named the R5 Turbo number nine on the list of Top Sports Cars of the 1980s.